Survival Wisdom & Know How: Everything You Need to Know to Thrive in the Wilderness by the editors of Stackpole Books.
Wilderness Survival by Gregory Davenport
How to Stay Alive in the Woods: a complete guide to food, shelter, and self-preservation by Bradford Angier.
Hawke's Green Beret Survival Manual by Myke Hawke.
When Technology Fails: A Manual for Self-Reliance, Sustainability, and Surviving the Long Emergency by Matthew Stein
How to Survive the End of the World as We Know It by James Wesley Rawles
When All Hell Breaks Loose by Cody Lundin
Primitive Wilderness Living & Survival Skills: Naked into the Wilderness by John and Geri McPherson.
The Essential Wilderness Navigator by David Seidman
SAS Survival Handbook: How to Survive in the Wild, in Any Climate, on Land or at Sea by John Lofty Wiseman
US Army Survival Manual: FM 21-76 by Department of Defense
The Backpacker's Field Manual by Rick Curtis
The Tracker School
Watertown, New Jersey.
Sierra School of Survival
Twin Eagles Wilderness School
New Jersey school.
Alderleaf Wilderness College
More school links...
Backpacking Tips & Techniques
Survival Video Tutorials
Building a shelter
How to set up a Tarp Tent
Northwest Woodsman via YouTube
TV Programs and DVDs
Discovery Channel's Man vs. Wild series with Bear Grylls. Three seasons available on DVD. (Some used copies at Half.com.)
More recommendations available at Amazon...
This section of the Mega-Disaster Planner provides detailed notes gleaned from Bradford Angier's classic How to Stay Alive in the Woods, Matt Stein's When Technology Fails, Myke Hawke's Green Beret Survival Manual, Bear Grylls' Man vs. Wild TV series, and other sources listed in the gray box on the right. Feel free to copy and paste all four pages into a text file, and then add the material to your survival binder. (Use the green menu above right if you'd prefer to skip to a specific topic.)
The guiding principle driving any survival situation is to determine your priorities, then act on each of them calmly and in order of importance. Every scenario has its own unique challenges, so establishing a plan of action is crucial to the outcome. In his show, Bear Grylls constantly repeats the sentence "Please Remember What's First" as a memory aid for anyone who gets lost in the woods. The first letter of each word represents a specific goal:
P for Protection: Where personal security is concerned, equip yourself with some type of tools that are immediately available in order to stave off animal or human predators, extreme weather and other possible hazards.
R for Rescue: In the typical scenario of getting lost, you might devise a plan for getting help, whether by setting a signal fire, leaving signs on the ground, or sticking a note in a bottle and throwing it into the sea. (Of course, in a doomsday scenario you may not be expecting a rescue or even want anyone to know where you are. )
W for Water: Locating water quickly is essential, since surviving without it is limited to (at most) three days.
F for Fire and Food: Building a fire provides warmth, protection from predators, and a way to decontaminate or sterilize germs in f food and water. Although you can probably survive two to three weeks without eating, you'll still make better progress on a full stomach.
Once these immediate priorities have been addressed, long-term survival will depend on how well you execute various skills and techniques applicable to a wilderness scenario.
The easiest and initial approach to constructing a refuge is to use what's already provided in nature. It might beany of the following:
The last two arrangements here fall under the category of a lean-to shelter. Once you've scouted out some existing features, all you need do nows is scavenge some materials to enhance it. These include logs, branches, palm fronds, vines etc. You can build walls, a roof or ground cover for insulation and comfort. Be sure to investigate for insect and animal activity (e.g. the cave may be a bear's den) before finalizing your decision to stay.
When pitching camp and establishing the entrance to your shelter, don't forget to factor in wind direction, snow drift, the sun's path, or a potential avalanche. If necessary, weatherproof your shelter with lots of extra material. You can use mud or dried dung, and mix in leaves and vines. Generally speaking, the more insulation you have, the better, especially on the ground. You may not realize it, but cold-damp air travels up into a body in no time at all. It's also a good idea to provide for a second escape route from the shelter in case of attack.
If you decide to build a shelter from scratch, here are a few options:
A-frame structure: Two A-shaped braces with a log connecting provide a skeleton over which you'll lay branches and other covering. For this job, you'll need lashing, which can be rope, paracord, vines or clothing cut into ribbon-sized lengths.
Boy scout training typically includes A-frame construction.
Photo: Stuttgart Military Community
Teepee: As shown in the illustration above, you can lash three seven-foot logs tightly together on one end. Then insert and tie a dozen or more poles to this tripod and start weaving in the branches. If necessary, you can brace the structure on the ground by piling up stones or rocks in a circle around it.
At left, a hybrid teepee-A-frame shelter. At right, a nicely camoflaged shelter braced by log. Photo credits: Bushcraft Plus (left) and U.S. Army.
Platform: To get yourself off the ground (especially in the jungle or alligator habitat), create four elevated corners over which you can lay logs, branches and matting for your bed. A platform is generally used in combination with another structure (natural or manmade), providing walls and a roof. As a base, you can either tie together three-foot-long logs into tripods, build up piles of flat rocks, or tie other materials together to give you the right elevation, as shown in the photo below.
Treehouse: Often an easier option to accomplish than it would initially appear, survivalists prefer it because staying high off the ground and hidden is sometimes necessay. Look for two side-by-side branches in one tree, or a single branch in 2-3 trees. From there, all you need to do is wedge (or attach with cordage) logs between these posts, giving you the base of a platform. You can place slats across the logs, and then pile soft materials on top of these. Alternatively, you can weave several vines together into a sort of hammock. Once it's complete, est the structural integrity of this structure thoroughly, and consider how you'll move around it in the dark. You may even need to tie yourself into your bed to keep from falling over the side.
To make a treehouse easier to access from the ground, pound some sticks into the trunk to use as steps. Alternatively, you can fashion a climbing ladder out of vines and sticks. For maximum security, be sure pull the ladder up once you're aloft to keep intruders out.
Tarp Tent: If you have a rain poncho, large garbage bag, sheet of plastic, or cloth, you can create a tent by running a string between two trees, and then drop the tarp across. Secure the ends on each side with more string (i.e. rope or vines), or with rocks.
In this variation of a tarp tent, a pole at the entrance is used in combination with paracord to frame the tarp. Photo: asthecrowflies.org.
Hammock: This quick shelter requires weaving together some vines or ropes that are wide enought to hold your body safely. (You can also try cutting several long slits in a bamboo pole.) A rope on either end secures the hammock to the trunks. If you expect rain, you also have to construct some form of cover on the branches above you, as shown in the photo below.
Always erect these with your entrance at a right angle to the wind. This will prevent snow piling up and blocking your exit. You must also be mindful of the potential for avalanche. Here are three options:
Notice how the sleeping area is placed on a shelf, with a lower area below it. This takes advantage of the rule in nature that cold air sinks, warm air rises. The shaded area represents the snowpack. Diagram: Rick Curtis, Outdoor Action Program, Princeton University.
How to make a soft mattress
First scoop out some curved holes in the ground to accommodate your shoulder and hip bones. Then lay out young, heavily-needled boughs of balsam, birch or pine. Or you can use pine needles, moss, ferns, or marsh hay. Lay the branches, beginning from the head of your new mattress, and move downward. Remember to turn the branch bottoms up, which is the opposite of how they hang on a tree.
Major Shelter Considerations
At right, a shelter waterproofed with interlocking pine branches.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Please note: A wilderness expedition can be dangerous or life-threatening. Always consult a professional outdoors expert before undertaking one. Whenever possible, avoid solo adventures. Discuss any first aid or medical issues beforehand with your health care provider. When researching survival techniques, be sure to consult multiple sources to insure the accuracy of the information.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Finding and Disinfecting Water: Page 2
Food and Cooking: Page 3
Other Survival Topics: Page 4
---------------------------------------------------------------Copyright © 2009-2014 TheCityEdition.com
-----------------------------------------------------------------Find out more info on:
precession of equinoxes
sunspot cycle 2012
end of the world
first aid guide disasters
gamma ray burst 2012
2012 doomsday survival
learning survival skills
how to read a topo map
pottery and ceramics training
yosemite national park
yosemite Deleware North Companies
emergency supply kit
atlantis edgar cayce
edgar cayce predictions
human rights jobs
human rights internships
human rights volunteering
human rights information
welding articles and news
how to weld
welder job outlook
san francisco newspapers
san francisco calendar